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VAZUL, Duke of Hungary
VAZUL, Duke of Hungary. (Basil). The Blind. [The Hungarians]
Born before 997 AD. Son of MIHALY, Duke of Hungary .
His name derived from the Greek Basileios which implies that he was baptized according to Byzantine rite. (S1).
According to the Illuminated Chronicle, King Stephen imprisoned Vazul and held him in captivity in the fortress of Nyitra (Nitra, Slovakia) in order to urge him to "amend his youthful frivolity and folly". In contrast with Györffy, his Slovak colleague, Ján Steinhübel has no doubt that Vazul was a Duke of Nyitra, who succeeded his brother, Ladislas the Bald before 1030. Steinhübel adds that Vazul, similarly to his brother, accepted the suzerainty of King Mieszko II of Poland; he was imprisoned at his former seat when King Stephen I of Hungary occupied his duchy in 1031. The theory that the "Duchy of Nyitra" was under Polish suzerainty in the first decades of the 11th century, which is based on the Polish-Hungarian Chronicle, is flatly refused by Györffy. (S1).
Emeric, the only son of King Stephen who survived infancy died in a hunting accident in 1031. Although Vazul who was Stephen's closest agnatic relative had the strongest claim to succeede him on the throne, the king disregarded him and nominated his own sister's son, Peter Orseolo as his heir. According to the nearly contemporaneous Annals of Altaich, Vazul bitterly resented his omission, but he was blinded on King Stephen's order. (S1).
According to the contrasting reports of later Hungarian chronicles, written under kings descending from Vazul's line, Stephen initially was planning to nominate Vazul as his heir, but Vazul's enemies, including Stephen's queen, Gisela hatched a plot to hinder the king's plans. They sent an "evil man" to Nyitra who "put out Vazul's eyes and filled the cavities of his ears with lead" before the king's envoys arrived. (S1).
Feeling his powers slipping away, [King Stephen] sent messengers in haste to have his uncle's son Vazul brought from prison in Nitra, in order to make him king of the Hungarians after himself. However, as soon as Queen Gisela got wind of this she hatched a plot with a group of traitors, and sent the ispán Sebus ahead of the messenger. Sebus had Vazul's eyes put out and molten lead poured into his ears; he then fled to Bohemia. When Vazul was at length brought back by the King's messenger, the King wept bitterly at his fate. Simon of Kéza: The Deeds of the Hungarians. (S1).
The Illuminated Chronicle has preserved the memory of Vazul's paternity of three sons named Andrew, Béla and Levente. Likewise the Illuminated Chronicle writes that Vazul's wife was a member of the Tátony (Tatun) clan, but his marriage lacked legitimacy. His three sons were expelled from Hungary after Vazul's death in 1031 or 1032. (S1).
Anastazya of Katun.
Daughter of Tsar Samuil of Bulgaria.
CHILDREN of Vazul and Katun Anastazya:
- Andrew I of Hungary. Andrew I the White or the Catholic (c. 1015 before 6 December 1060). King of Hungary from 1046 to 1060. His efforts to ensure the succession of his son, Solomon, resulted in the open revolt of his brother, Béla. Béla dethroned Andrew by force in 1060. Andrew suffered severe injuries during the fighting and died before his brother was crowned king. The decisive battle was fought in the regions east of the river Tisza. Andrew suffered injuries and lost the battle. He attempted to flee to the Holy Roman Empire, but his brother's partisans routed his retinue at Moson. The Annals of Niederaltaich narrates that wagons and horses trampled him in the battlefield. Deadly wounded in the battlefield, Andrew was seized and taken by his brother's partisans to Zirc where "he was treated with neglect", according to the Illuminated Chronicle. Andrew died in the royal manor there before his brother was crowned king on 6 December 1060. Andrew was buried in the crypt of the church of the Tihany Abbey.
- BELA I, King of Hungary. (before 1020 11 September 1063). He was King of Hungary from 1060 until his death. He left Hungary together with his brothers, Levente and Andrew, after the execution of Vazul, their father, in 1031. Béla settled in Poland and married Richeza (or Adelaide), daughter of King Mieszko II of Poland. He returned to his homeland upon the invitation of his brother Andrew, who had in the meantime been crowned King of Hungary. Andrew assigned the administration of the so-called ducatus or "duchy", which encompassed around one-third of the territory of the Kingdom of Hungary, to Béla. The two brothers' relationship became tense when Andrew had his own son, Solomon, crowned king and forced Béla to publicly confirm Solomon's right to the throne in 1057 or 1058. Béla, assisted by his Polish relatives, rebelled against his brother and dethroned him in 1060. He introduced monetary reform and subdued the last uprising aimed at the restoration of paganism in Hungary. Béla was mortally injured when his throne collapsed while he was sitting on it.
- Levente of Hungary. (between 1010 and 1015 1047). He and his brothers were expelled from Hungary in 1031 or 1032, and spent many years in Bohemia, Poland and the Kievan Rus'. He returned to Hungary, where a pagan uprising was developing around that time, in 1046. Levente remained a devout pagan, but did not hinder the election of his Christian brother, Andrew I as king. Levente died in 1047 and was buried in a village on the Danube named after his great-grandfather, Taksony who himself was "said to lie in a pagan grave" there
Born about 993; daughter of Nikola. She d. about 1037.
CHILDREN of Vazul and Katalin:
- [S1]. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. QUOTES as sources: a) Denis Sinor, History of Hungary (London: George Allen and Unwin Ltd., 1959) 41. b) http://genealogy.euweb.cz/arpad/arpad1.html
HOW ARE WE RELATED:
VAZUL, Duke of Hungary
BELA I, King of Hungary
GEZA I, King of Hungary.
ALAMOS, Duke of Hungary.
Béla II, King of Hungary.
GEZA II, King of Hungary.
Béla III (Béla)(Belo), King of Hungary.
Andrew II, King of Hungary.
Béla IV, King of Hungary.
Stephen V, King of Hungary.
Marie of Hungary. Born about 1257. She married Charles II, King of Naples.
Margaret (Marguerite) of Naples. She married Charles, Count of Valois.
Jeanne of Valois. She married William III, The Good, Count of Holland and Haunault.
Philippa of Hainault. She married Edward III Plantagenet, King Of England.
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