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Raymond Count of Burgundy and Urraca I Princess of Castile and Leon
Raymond. Count of Burgundy. (Raimundo). Count of Amous.
Fourth son of William I Count Of Burgundy and Stephanie Of Barcelona.
He came to the Iberian Peninsula for the first time during the period 1086-1087 with Eudes I, Duke of Burgundy. He came for the second time in 1090 to marry Urraca of Castile, eventual heiress of Alfonso VI of Castile, King of León and Castile.
He came with his cousin Henry of Burgundy, who married the other daughter of Alfonso VI, Teresa of León (or Portugal). By his marriage Raymond received the County of Galicia, the County of Portugal and the County of Coimbra. The last two were later offered to Henry of Burgundy, father of the first Portuguese King Afonso I Henriques of Portugal.
He died (in September-S3)(26 March-?) 1107. He was succeeded by his son, Alfonso VII of Castile and León (1104/1105-1157).
Urraca I. Queen of Castile, Leon and Castile.
Born in (1078-S3)(1082-?); daughter of Alfonso VI, King Of Castile, and Constance Of Burgundy. She married Raymond Count of Burgundy.
She became heiress to her father's kingdom after her only brother was killed in the Battle of Uclés in 1108.
Urraca of León was Queen of Galicia, León and Castile from 1109 to her death. She was the first woman ever to reign in a western European monarchy. Urraca was the daughter of Alfonso VI of León by his second wife, Constance of Burgundy.
In childhood, she was betrothed to and later married Raymond of Burgundy. They had two children: the Infante Alfonso Raimúndez (born 1104) and the Infanta Sancha (born before 1095).
Raymond died in September 1107. The widow Urraca was now ruler of Galicia, and as her father's only surviving legitimate child, she could claim to be heiress of Castile. King Alfonso VI of León selected the king of Navarre and Aragon, Alfonso I of Aragon as her husband. They had hoped for an alliance that would safeguard the kingdom, since Alfonso was renowned as a great warrior. However, the marriage proved barren and turned exceedingly bitter. According to the chronicler Ibn al-Athir, Alfonso once remarked that "a real soldier lives with men, not with women".
Urraca and Alfonso of Aragon were also second cousins, and Bernard, Archbishop of Toledo, objected to the marriage on these grounds and condemned it as consanguineous. Nevertheless, Urraca and Alfonso were married in October 1109 in Monzón. Their inability to produce a child created a rift, and Urraca accused Alfonso of being physically abusive to her. The royal couple were soon separated. By October of 1110 or 1111, her supporters fought a battle against Alfonso's forces at Candespina, in which her premier nobleman and former aspirant to her hand, count Gómez González, was killed. A further defeat was inflicted at Viadangos, at which Pedro Froilaz de Traba was captured. Their marriage was annulled in 1114. Urraca never remarried, though she took as lover another powerful nobleman, count Pedro González de Lara.
Urraca's reign was disturbed by strife among the powerful nobles and especially by constant warfare with her husband who had seized her lands. Another thorn on her side was her brother-in-law, Henry, the husband of her half-sister Teresa of Leon. He alternatively allied with Alfonso I of Aragon, then betrayed Alfonso for a better offer from Urraca's court. After Henry's death in 1112, his widow, Teresa, still contested ownership of lands with Urraca. With the aid of her son, Alfonso Raimúndez, Urraca was able to win back much of her domain and ruled successfully for many years.
Urraca had an illegitimate son by her lover, Pedro González de Lara. She recognized their son, Fernando Pérez Furtado, in 1123.
According to the Chronicon Compostellanum, Urraca died in childbirth on 8 March 1126. The supposed father was her lover, Count Pedro González of Lara. However the author of the chronicles was openly hostile to the adulterous queen, and the historian Reilly notes that a pregnancy was unlikely at the queen's age of 48. She was succeeded by her legitimate son, Alfonso VII.
CHILDREN of Raymond Count of Burgundy and Urraca I Princess of Castile and Leon:
- Sancha. Born before 1095.
- ALFONSO VII. (Alfonso Raimúndez). Born 1 March 1105. King of Galicia in 1111 and King of León and Castile in 1126. In November 1128, he married Berenguela, daughter of Ramon Berenguer III. Alfonso also had two mistresses. He died on 21 August 1157.
- [S1]. Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 (Baltimore : Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. 1990), page 105, my personal library, ISBN # 0-8063-1207-6.
- [S2]. J. Orton Buck & Timothy Field Beard, Pedigrees of some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants vol. 3 (Baltimore:Genealogical Publishing Co. 1988), page 104, my personal library, ISBN # 0-8063-1211-4.
- [S3]. Raymond of Burgundy. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raymond_of_Burgundy.
- [S4]. Urraca of León and Castile. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urraca_of_Le%C3%B3n_and_Castile.