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PHOENIUSA FARSAIDH. (Fenius Farsa)(Feinius Farsaidh-S/). King of Scythia. [CHART A3], [CHART A40].
Son of BAOTH.

Fenius Farsa (also Phoeniusa, Phenius, Fénius; Farsaid, Farsaidh, many variant spellings) was a legendary king of Scythia who shows up in many legends of Irish folklore. According to some traditions, he was the creator of the Ogham alphabet and the Gaelic language.

In the Lebor Gabála Érenn (11th C), he is said to be one of the 72 chieftains who built Nimrod's Tower of Babel, but travelled to Scythia after the tower collapsed.

According to the Auraicept na n-Éces, Fenius journeyed from Scythia together with Goídel mac Ethéoir, Íar mac Nema and a retinue of 72 scholars. They came to the plain of Shinar to study the confused languages at Nimrod's tower. Finding that they had already been dispersed, Fenius sent his sholars to study them, staying at the tower, coordinating the effort. After ten years, the investigations were complete, and Fenius created in Bérla tóbaide "the selected language", taking the best of each of the confused tongues, which he called Goídelc, Goidelic, after Goídel mac Ethéoir. He also created extensions of Goídelc, called Bérla Féne, after himself, Íarmberla, after Íar mac Nema, and others, and the Beithe-luis-nuin (the Ogham) as a perfected writing system for his languages. The names he gave to the letters were those of his 25 best scholars.

His descent from ADAM:

Baoth "to whom Scythia came as his lot,"
Phoeniusa Farsaidh (Fenius Farsa) King of Scythia

Boath, son of Magog, son of Japheth, son of Noah, was appointed the first king of Scythia by his father. When he passed the kingdom to his son Feinius Farsaidh, Feinius started a school for the sciences, about 60 years before the fall of the Tower of Babel, or 1933 AM. When the original language, called lingua humana by the Latins or Gortighern, was changed into 72 languages at the fall of the tower, Feinius decided to send students to each group for a space of about 7 years to thoroughly learn each language. Upon coming back he incorporated this into his school teaching at first the 3 principle languages of the world, Greek, Hebrew, and Latin, and later adding many of the others. It is said that because Eber refused to help with the building of the Tower of Babel that he and his family alone retained the original language. From that time forward it was called Hebrew, named after Eber. Feinius' son Niul went from Babylonia to Egypt to set up a school of languages on the Red sea. He married Scota, the daughter of a pharaoh. Scota gave birth to Gaedheal (after who Gaelic is named). Gaedheal migrated to Ireland with his kindred and named his settlement after his mothers name, later changing to Scotland.

Fenius Farsa (or Phoeniusa Farsidh) was a son of Boath and King of Scythia at the time when Ninus ruled the Assyrian Empire. Fenius Farsa was a wise man and desired to learn all the languages that had confounded the builders of the Tower of Babel, so he hired men to travel the world and learn all the languages. Upon their return in the forty-second year of the reign of Ninus, Fenius Farsa built a school in the valley of Senaar near the city of Aeothena. He lived there with his younger son Niul for twenty years, and then returned to Scythia. Upon his death, Fenius Farsa left Scythia to his older son Nenuall, and left nothing to Niul except the school. [Other sources say that Fenius Farsa and his son, Niul, went to Asia to work on the Tower of Nimrod, otherwise known as the Tower of Babel, and were present at the destruction of the tower and dispersal of the races.] (S3).


  1. NIUL. [CHART A3], [CHART A40]. Niul was a governor in Egypt.
  2. Nenuall. The older son.