PEPIN, King of Italy, and Bertha

PEPIN, King of Italy. (Pippin, Carloman).
Born in April 773; son of CHARLEMAGNE and Hildegarde.
He was born Carloman, but when his brother Pippin the Hunchback betrayed their father, the royal name Pippin passed to him. He was made king of Italy after his father's conquest of the Lombards, in 781, and crowned by Pope Hadrian I with the Iron Crown of Lombardy; and ruled under the authority of his father.

He was active as ruler of Italy and worked to expand the Frankish empire. In 791, he marched a Lombard army into the Drava valley and ravaged Pannonia, while his father marched along the Danube into Avar territory. Charlemagne left the campaigning to deal with a Saxon revolt in 792. Pippin and Eric, Duke of Friuli continued, however, to assault the Avars' ring-shaped strongholds. The great Ring of the Avars, their capital fortress, was taken twice. The booty was sent to Charlemagne in Aachen and redistributed to all his followers and even to foreign rulers, including King Offa of Mercia.

He married Bertha, daughter of William of Gellone, count of Toulouse.

Pippin also had an illegitimate son Bernhard (Bernard). Pippin was expected to inherit a third of his father's empire, but he predeceased him. The Italian crown passed on to his son Bernard, but the empire went to Pippin's younger brother Louis the Pious.

His activities included a long, but unsuccessful siege of Venice in 810. The siege lasted six months and Pippin's army was ravaged by the diseases of the local swamps and was forced to withdraw. A few months later, on 8 July 810, Pippin died.

Daughter of William of Gellone, count of Toulouse,

CHILDREN of PEPIN, King of Italy, and BERTHA:


CHILDREN of PEPIN, King of Italy, and his mistress: