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Llyr Llediaith ap Baran and Iweridd

Llyr Llediaith ap Baran. (King Lear)
Llyr (Llyr = literally, "sea")(of the Sea). Llyr Llediaith (also known as Llyr Lleddiarth, King Lear, Lear II, Tasciovanus, Half-Speech). {S1,S3}. He is often confused with Leir of Britain, who lived about 800 years earlier.

Born about 20 AD in Britain; son of Baran ap Ceri. He was educated in Rome by Augustus Caesar. Among the "wise sayings" recorded by the Bards we find this attributed to Llyr: No folly but ends in misery.

Llediaith, which means literally "broad-speech", is said to refer to "the act of speaking Welsh with a foreign accent. He was educated in Rome by Augustus Caesar. His home was at Dunraven Castle, which was situated on a hill called Twyn Rhyvan (the Hill of Rome) located in Glamorgan. {S1,S3}.

There were three monarchs by the verdict of the Isle of Britain. The first was Caswallawn the son of Lludd, son of Beli, son of Mynogan; the second was Caradog, son of Bran, son of Llyr Llediaith; and the third was Owain the son of Maximus. That is, sovereignty was conferred upon them by the verdict of the country and the nation, when they were not elders. {S9}.

The territory now constituting Glamorganshire, during the remotest periods of its known history, formed an important part of the province first called Gwent, and then Essyllwg (the latter name having been subsequently, by the Romans, softened into Siluria), which, in the opinion of most antiquaries, also comprehended the whole of, Monmouthshire, and parts of the counties of Gloucester, Hereford, and Brecknock: the names Gwent and Essyllwg, which are nearly synonymous, and signify a beautiful and agreeable region, seem, indeed, to have been both in use at the period of the Roman invasion and conquest. {S7}.

The ancient British rulers of this district were held in high respect by their cotemporaries, and were repeatedly called to the command of the confederated armies of the island, when it became necessary, for mutual defence, to unite against foreign invaders. But their history is involved in great obscurity until the invasion of Britain by Julius Caesar, when the reigning prince of this territory appears to have been Llyr Llediaith, who was succeeded by his son Bran ab Llyr, whose principal residence was at Dindryvan, now Dunraven, on the coast of this county. Publius Ostorius Scapula, who succeeded, to the command of the Roman forces in Britain in the year 50, having secured all the country to the east of the Severn, directed his operations against the Silures (for so these invaders called the inhabitants of Essyllwg), --- who for nine years successfully opposed the Roman power, under the command of the son of Bran, the celebrated Caradawg, Caradoc, or Caractacus. {S7}.

This intrepid leader, whose astonishing bravery and military skill stemmed for a while, amid numerous difficulties, the advancing tide of Roman conquest, having removed the seat of war to the country of the Ordovices, which included nearly the whole of North Wales, and the western portions of Shropshire, was defeated by Ostorius in a decisive battle, in which his wife and daughter were taken prisoners, and in consequence of which his brothers shortly after surrendered themselves to the Roman commander, overawed by whose power, Caractacus himself was shortly delivered up by the queen of the Brigantes, to whose court he had fled for refuge. According to a manuscript preserved in the Harleian Collection at the British Museum, Bran ab Llyr also shared the captivity of his family, and was conveyed with them to Rome, where he was detained as a hostage for the peaceable conduct of the valiant Caractacus, who is said to have been permitted, with his wife and daughter, to return immediately to Britain. After remaining at Rome for seven years, Bran at length received permission to return to his native country ; and having, during his stay in Italy, been converted to Christianity, he was the means of introducing that religion into Britain, and on that account was called Vendigeid, or "the Blessed : " he died about the year 80. {S7}.

The three royal families that were conducted to prison from the great great grandfather to the great grandchildren, without permitting one of them to escape. First, the family of Llyr Llediaiath, who were put into prison in Rome, by the Caesarians. Second, the family of Madawg son of Medron, who were imprisoned in Alban, by the Irish Picts. Third, the family of Gair son of Geirion, who were imprisoned in Oeth and Anoeth, by the verdict of the country and tribe. Not one of these escaped; and it was the most complete incarceration that was ever known, with respect to these families. {S9}.

CARADAWC THE SON OF BRAN. THIS Prince, so well known under his Latinized name of Caractacus, is chiefly remarkable for his captivity in Rome, which, according to Welsh authorities, was shared by his father Bran, his grandfather Llyr Llediaith, and all his near kinsfolk. Llyr was in the prison of Euroswydd Wledig. {S2}.

Llyr appears as the father of Brân, Brânwen and Manawydan by Penarddun in the Branwen, Daughter of Llyr, the Second Branch of the Mabinogi. (S1).

The Welsh Triads states that Llyr was imprisoned by Euroswydd, until Penarddun consents to sleep with him. The result was the twins Nisien and Efnisien. (S1).

The story of Llyr's children can be found in the second and third Branches of the Mabinogi, called Branwen Daughter of Llyr and Manawyddan Son of Llyr. {S4}.

Some other sources say that Iweriadd is the mother of Bran and Branwen. This would mean that Manawyddan was their half-brother and Nisien and Efnisien were only step-brothers. (S1).

The British Triads commemorate this captivity of the royal Silurian family in their quaint fashion. "There were three royal families that were conducted to prison, from the great-great-grandfather to the great-grand-children, without permitting one of them to escape. First the family of Llyr Llediaith, who were carried to prison at Rome by the Cesaridae... Not one or another of these escaped. They were the most complete incarcerations known as to families." The great-great-grandfather on this occasion was Llyr, the father of Bran, who subsequently died at Rome. (S5).

WIFE (1):
PENARDUN. (Penarddun-S1).
Penardun, the daughter of (Beli, son of Manogan, and Danu-S2,S3)(Beli Mawr-S1)(Beli mab Mynogan-S1)(Donn-S?).

The name Penarddun can be translated as Chief Beauty or Most Fair, (Welsh: pen head, chief, foremost + arddun fair, beautiful (of a girl). (S1).

Penarddun is, in Welsh legends, the wife of Llyr. The Second Branch of the Mabinogi names Bran, Branwen, and Manawydan as her children by Llyr, and ascribes to her two additional sons by Euroswydd: Nisien, a good man, and Efnysien, a conniving troublemaker. The Welsh Triads call Llyr one of the Three Exalted Prisoners of Britain for his captivity at Euroswydd's hands. This likely refers to a lost tradition of the birth of Penarddun's younger sons. The Mabinogi names Penarddun as a daughter of the ancestor Beli Mawr, but the genealogy is confused; it is possible she was meant to be his sister rather than daughter. (S1).

She had at least 2 children (twins-S1) by Eurosswydd, (Nissyen and Evnissyen-S?)(Nisien and Efnisien-S1).

Eurosswydd is beyond doubt the Roman general Ostorius, the captor of Llyr Llediaith, and his family, including Bran and Caradawc (Caractacus). (S2).

CHILDREN of LLYR and Penardun:

WIFE (2):
Iweridd, sister of Bran, and wife of King Matholwch of Ireland. (S14).

In Welsh sagas (which) she is said to be the Goddess Iweridd.

Obviously she could not be the sister and also the mother of Bran the Blessed. As the wife of Matholwch, this sounds like confusion with Branwen, the sister of Bran.

CHILDREN of LLYR and Iweridd:

Other possible CHILDREN of LLYR:

CHILDREN of Penardun and Eurosswydd:



Llyr Lleddiarth (c20AD-?)
Bran Siluria ap Llyr Lleddiarth (Bran Fendigaid)(Bran the Blessed),  Arch Druid
Avallach ap Bran
Euddolen Ap Afallach
Eudos Ap Euddolen
Eifydd Ap Eudos
Eudeyrn ap Eifydd and Millisanndia verch Seysild
Euddigan ap Eudeyrn and Generys verch Tegwaret
Ryddrech Rhodri ap Euddigan and Margareta verch Eynon
Gloyw Gwallthir ap Rhodi
Gwidolin ap Gloyw
Gwidol ap Gwidolin and Dinoi of Lidinin
Guorthenau Vortigern ap Gwidol and Sevira ferch Macsen
Cadeyrn, King of Powys, (Gwrtheyrn) Vortigern  
Kadell (Cadell) ap Caderyn (c580-?)
Gwnfyw Frych  ap Cadell 
Gwynnan ap Gwnfyw Frych
Gwriawn (Gwylawr)  ap Gwynnan  (c615-?)  
Byordderch ap Gwriawn (c650-?)
Bywyn ap Byordderch  (c705-?) 
Gwaethgar Gwaeddgar ap Bywyn (c755-?) 
Gwrgant (Gwrgeneu) ap Gwaeddgar (c790-?)
Cadfarch ap Gwrgant  (c830-?)
Ynyr ap Cadfarch (c870-949) and Rheingar verch Lluddoccaf
Tudor Trevor ap Ynyr (900-948) and Angharad verch Hywel Dda
Dyngad ap Tudor Trevor (c930-?) and Sissely verch Seferws (Seferys)
Rhiwallon ap Dyngad of Maelor Gymraeg (c965-1073) 
Caradog ap Rhiwallon (c1000-?)
Breichiol ap Caradog (c1030-?) 
Pyll ap Breichiol (c1060-?) 
Meurig ap Pyll of Penhros  (c1095-?) 
Caradog ap Meurig of Penrhos  (c1125-?)
Iorwerth ap Caradog (c1160-?) and Alis verch Bleddyn Broadspear
Adam Gwent
Adam ap Iorwerth (Adam Gwent) (c1190-1246), of Llanfriafael and Goleuddydd verch Hywel
John ap Adam (Adam Fynchan)(John ap Adam) (c1220-c1270) and N.N. Burchill/(verch Dafydd)
John ap Adam  (c1255-c1310)  md Elizabeth de Gournay
(Sir) Thomas ap Adam (c1307-c1342)  md Joan Inge
John ap Adams and Millicent Bessylls
John Adams (c1360-c1424)  and Clara Powell  (changed name from ap Adams to Adams)
Roger Adams (1392-?) and Jane Ellyott
Thomas Adams (1422-?) and Maria Upton
John Adams (1452-?) and Jane (Renneigh) Benneleigh
John Adams (1482-1557) and Catharine Stebbing
John Adams (1502-?)  and Margaret Squier
Richard Adams (c1530-1603) and Margaret Armager
Robert Adams (1568-1602) and Elizabeth Sharlon
Robert Adams and Eleanor Wilmot
Elizabeth Adams and Edward Phelps
Samuel Phelps and Sarah Chandler
John Phelps and Sarah Andrews
John Phelps and Deborah Lovejoy
Samuel Phelps and Margaret Nevins
Ebenezer Ferrin and Lydia Phelps
Samuel Ferrin and Sally Clotilda Powell
Lydia Powell Ferrin and George William Washington Williams
George William Williams and Harriett Thurston
Minnie Williams and Clive Vernon Tenney
Mildred Ella Tenney and Glenn Russell Handy
Deborah Lee Handy and Rodney Allen Morris