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LEOFWINE, Ealdorman of Mercia, and Alwara
LEOFWINE, Ealdorman of Mercia
Born about 950. Said to be the son of:
1. EADULPH of Mercia and Elfwina.
2. Ælfwine, who is otherwise unknown. (S1).
Wicciarum Prouinciarum dux (Ealdorman of Hwicce) in 997..
He married Alwara.
Leofwine was appointed Ealdorman of the Hwicce by King Æthelred II of England in 994. The territory of the Hwicce was a kingdom in the western midlands in the early Anglo-Saxon period, which soon became a subdivision of Mercia. Leofwine was the son of Ælfwine, who is otherwise unknown, but the family appears to come from the East Midlands. Leofwine and his sons were remembered by the Worcester church as spoliators who seized church land, but as benefactors by East Midlands religious establishments. (S1).
Under Æthelred, Leofwine's sphere of office was in the Hwicce areas of Worcestershire and Gloucestershire, but these counties were given to Danes by King Cnut soon after he gained the throne in 1016. However, Leofwine kept his rank and may have been appointed Ealdorman of Mercia in 1017 in succession to Eadric Streona, but Leofwine's eldest son Northman was murdered on Cnut's orders in the same year. Leofwine is last recorded as a charter witness in 1023 and probably died soon afterwards. (S1).
His son Leofric was Earl of Mercia by 1032. Leofwine had two others sons, Edwine, who died at the Battle of Rhyd-y-groes in 1039, and Godwine. (S1).
Leofwine (died in or after 1023) (S1).
CHILDREN of LEOFWINE, Ealdorman of Mercia
- Northman. The Genealogia Fundatoris of Coventry Monastery names “Leofricum postea comitem, et Edwinum occisum per Walenses, et Normannum occisum cum Edrico duce Merciorum per Cnutonem regem” as sons of “Leofwinus comes Leicestriæ”. "Northman dux" subscribed a charter of King Æthelred II dated 994. Florence of Worcester records that "Norman son of Leofwin the ealdorman" was killed on the orders of King Canute at the same time as Eadric "Streona". Ealdorman of Mercia. Simeon of Durham records that "(though guiltless) duke Northman the son of duke Leofwin, the brother of earl Leofric" was among those killed at the same time as Eadric "Streona" in 1017. ”Leofricus comes…et conjux mea Godgyve” donated property to Evesham Monastery by undated charter which names “frater meus Normannus”.
- Edwin. The Genealogia Fundatoris of Coventry Monastery names “Leofricum postea comitem, et Edwinum occisum per Walenses, et Normannum occisum cum Edrico duce Merciorum per Cnutonem regem” as sons of “Leofwinus comes Leicestriæ”. "Edwin the ealdorman's son" is recorded as present in a record of a lawsuit in Herefordshire dated [1016/35]. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that he was killed by the Welsh. Killed in the battleof Rhyd-y-Groes in 1039.
- LEOFRIC III, Earl of Mercia. He married Lady Godiva.
[NOTE: Most sources list four sons. The question is if the fourth son is Godwin or Wulfric. Or were there more than four sons?
- Godwin, died some time before 1056. (S1).
- Wulfric. Florence of Worcester names "Wlfricus Leofwini filius" among those killed at the battle of Ringmere near Ipswich on 5 May 1010. Roger of Hoveden names Wulfric as son of Leofwine when recording his death fighting the Danes. Simeon of Durham names "Wlfric the son of Leofwin" among those killed in battle by the Danes "in East Anglia…Ringmere". According to Freeman, Wulfric son of Leofwin was the same person as Wulfric "Spot" who founded Burton monastery. However, the reconstruction of the supposed family of Wulfric "Spot" shows it is likely that his father was Ælfric. The date of the battle in which Wulfric "Spot" was killed, according to the Historia Fundatoris of Burton monastery is different from the date of the battle of Ringmere as recorded by Florence of Worcester. Is it possible that the two reports are referring to different battles in which two different individuals were killed? (S6).
- [S1]. Leofwine, Ealdorman of the HwicceWikipedia, the free encyclopedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leofwine,_Ealdorman_of_the_Hwicce. QUOTES as sources: a) Williams, Ann (2004). "Leofric, earl of Mercia (d. 1057), magnate". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/16470. Retrieved 13 November 2015. b) Williams, Ann (1991). "Leofwine ealdorman 994-1023/32". In Williams, Ann; Smyth, Alfred P.; Kirby, D. P. A Biographical Dictionary of Dark Age Britain. Seaby. ISBN 978-1-85264-047-7.
- [S2]. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle