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FERGUS Mor mac Erca
FERGUS Mor MacERCA. (Fergus Mór mac Eirc)(Scottish Gaelic: Fergus Mòr Mac Earca) (Mac Nisse Mór)(Fearghus mac Erc, Fergus I of Dalriada). King of the Scots. King of Dalriada (Dál Riata). Established an Irish kingdom of Dalriada in Argyle, Scotland. (S4). Fergus = "man of power" (S6).
Born in (430)(about 490); son of Erca son of Eochaidh (Erc Mac Echach), and grandson of Eochaid Muinremur King of Dalriada. (S3, S4, S5, S6).
Late Scottish historians confused Erp or Erc mac Drust [son of Drust] with Erc the [mother] of Fearghus. Fearghus mac Erc reigned from 513-529. This was about a century after Drust mac Erp (or Erc). The two Ercs are not the same person. This is clearly proved by all early Scottish historians. (S5).
The Senchus (S9) and the Duan (S10) name Fergus's father as Erc son of Eochaid Muinremuir. A Middle Irish genealogy of the kings of Alba gives an extensive genealogy for Fergus: [Fergus] m. h-Eircc m. Echdach Muinremuir m. Óengusa Fir m. Feideilmid m. Óengusa m. Feideilmid m. Cormaicc, and a further forty-six generations here omitted. (S3).
His father is also said to be Muiredach. (S4). This is also indicated by S11: ...long after Niall, six sons of Muireadhach son of Eoghan, son of Niall, went to Alba, namely, two Lodharns, two Aonghuses, and two Fearghuses. (S11).
Some have thus equated Erc to be the same as Muiredach, but the lineages for each are not the same.
According to Geoffrey Keating (S8), Hector Boetius, in his history of Scotland, enumerates thirty-nine kings tohave ruled over Scotland before this Feargus, yet, according to the ancient record, there was not any king of the Scotic race in Scotland before him: and it is not true for him where he says that it is Feargus, son of Fearchar, king of Ireland, who was the first king of Scotland of the Scotic race, for there never was a king of Ireland named Fearchar, and so Feargus, son of Fearchar, was not king of Scotland, as Hector Boetius says. (S8).
The historical record consists of an entry in the Annals of Tigernach, for the year 501, which states: Feargus Mor mac Earca cum gente Dal Riada partem Britaniae tenuit, et ibi mortuus est. (Fergus Mór mac Eirc, with the people of Dál Riata, held part of Britain, and he died there.) However, the forms of Fergus, Erc and Dál Riata are later ones, written down long after the 6th century. The record in the Annals has given rise to theories of invasions of Argyll from Ireland, but these are not considered authentic. (S3).
Fergus is also found in the king lists of Dál Riata, and later of Scotland, of which the Senchus Fer n-Alban (S9) and the Duan Albanach (S10) can be taken as examples. The Senchus states that Fergus Mór was also known as Mac Nisse Mór. These sources probably date from the 10th and 11th centuries respectively, between 30 and 40 generations after Fergus may have lived. (S3).
Buchanan's king, James VI, shared the scholar's view of the origins of his line, describing himself in one of many verses written to his wife Anne of Denmark, as the "happie Monarch sprung of Ferguse race". Nor was James VI the last ruler to share this belief. The Great Gallery of the Palace of Holyroodhouse in Edinburgh was decorated with eighty-nine of Jacob de Wet's portraits of Scottish monarchs, from Fergus to Charles II, produced to the order of James's grandson. (S3).
St Patrick (died 461) visited Erc's courts and prophesied that Fergus would be the father of a nation. (S6).
Annals record his father's death in 474. (S6).
Andrew of Wyntoun's early 15th century Orygynale Cronykil of Scotland says that Fergus was the first Scot to rule in Scotland, and that Cináed mac Ailpín was his descendant. In addition, he writes that Fergus brought the Stone of Scone with him from Ireland, that he was succeeded by a son named Dúngal. A list of kings follows which is corrupt but bears some relation to those found in earlier sources. (S3).
Fergus and his brothers Angus and Loarn, all sons of Erc, came from the Dal Riata homeland of Fergus in Ulster, northern Ireland to Alba, the western headlands of Scotland and the territories of the native Picts, Irish Gaelic settlers, around 498. (S6,S7).
Fergus took Argyll and Kintyre, Loarn took the northern area around Loch Linnhe and Glencoe, Angus took the island of Islay. (S6).
Fergus supposedly brought with him the Stone of Destiny, the stone on which all high kings had been ordained at Tara for centuries. (S6).
At the end of the 16th century George Buchanan in his Rerum Scoticarum Historia added much, generally following John of Fordun. In this version, the Scots had been expelled from Scotland when the Romans under Maximus conquered all of Britain. His father Eugenius had been killed by the Romans, and Fergus, Fergusius II according to Buchanan's count, was raised in exile in Scandinavia. He later fought with the Franks, before eventually returning to Scotland and reconquering the Scottish lands. He was killed in battle against Durstus, king of the Picts, and was succeeded by his son Eugenius. (S3).
In two particulars at least, none of the early writers have disagreed: that in the year (498-S?)(503-S5) an invasion of Caledonia took place under the leadership of Fergus mac Erc, and that he and his followers had come to stay. (S5). Fergus, with five of his brothers, went into Scotland with a complete army to assist his grandfather, Loam (Loarn), King of Dalraida, to overcome his enemies, the Picts. Upon Laom’s death, Fergus was elected king, and became the first absolute Monarch of all Scotland.
In AD 498, Fergus Mor Mac Earca, in the twentieth year of the reign of his father, Muredach, son of (Eugenius, or ) Foghat Owen, son Niall of the Nine Hostages, with five more of his brothers; another Fergus, two more named Loarn, and two named Aeneas, with a complete army, went into Scotland to assist his grandfather Loarn Loam), who was a King of Dalriada, and who was much oppressed by his enemies the Picts, who were vanquished in several battles and engagements and overcome by Fergus and his party. (S?).
Ruled Dal Riata circa 498-501. (S6).
He became the first King of Scotland, and is sometimes called the father of Scotland.
Founder of the Dal Riatan dynasty of Argyll and Kintyre. (S6).
He (acceded about 490)(from about 500-501-S?)( (he reigned 513-529-S5) as the 131st Monarch of Ireland.
Upon the king's death, which happened about the same time, Fergus was unanimously elected and chosen king, as being the Blood Royal, by his mother; and Fergus was the first absolute king of Scotland, of the Meilesian Race: so the succession continued in his blood and lineage ever since to this day.
In the early middle ages, Scotland consisted of four separate kingdoms, Dalriada, inhabited by Scots, Strathclyde, inhabited by Britons, The Kingdom of the Picts and Northumbria, inhabited by Angles. Scottish and Pictish families began intermarrying in the eighth century, and their kingdoms were often ruled by the same king. The monarchy of Scotland evolved from this union, known as the Kingdom of Alba. By the late ninth century, the Kingdom of Alba began absorbing the kingdoms of the Britons and the Angles. Thus, through intermarriage and conquest, the Scottish Kings of Dalriada emerged as the overall Kings of Scotland. The Scots of Dalriada claimed a legendary antiquity beginning with Gaythelos, son of the King of Greece who went to Egypt during the time of Moses where he married the eponymous Scoti, daughter of the Pharaoh. Gaytholos, Scoti and their family emigrated to Spain and eventually several groups of their decendents emigrated to Ireland; the final group under Simon Brek, whose grandson led a colony from Ireland to Northern Briton and named it Scotia. In the year 330 BC, these Scots elected as their King , Fergus, son of Fererd; they remained in Scotland until 360AD when they were driven back to Ireland by the Pics and Britons. In the 5th century, they returned to Scotia under the leadership of Fergus, son of Erc. (S12).
He was killed (in 501-S?) A.D.
CHILDREN of FERGUS Mor cac Erca:
- DOMANGART I of Dalraida. [Chart A7], [Chart A30]. (Donart, Domangart Reti macFergusso, Dongard I, Domangart of Dalriada). King of the Scots. He married Fedelmia Foltchain. He died in 505-506 A.D.
- Dúngal. [Is this the same as Domangart?].
- [S1]. The official website of Alynia H. Rule. http://www.ancuairt.org/genealogy/julius.htm.
- [S2]. Reimert Family History. http://www.reimert.org/genealogy/database/d39.htm#P4962
- [S3]. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fergus_mor. QUOTES as sources: a) Betha Shenáin meic Geirginn from The Book of Lismore; compare Rawlinson B. 502 ¶1696 Genelach Ríg n-Alban and the Betha Shenáin. b) Broun, Dauvit, "Dál Riata" in Michael Lynch (ed.), The Oxford Companion to Scottish History. Oxford UP, Oxford, 2001. ISBN 0-19-211696-7. c) Campbell, Ewan, "Were the Scots Irish ?" in Antiquity, 75 (2001), pp. 285–292. d) Foster, Sally M., Picts, Gaels, and Scots: Early Historic Scotland. Batsford, London, 2004. ISBN 0-7134-8874-3. e) Wyntoun's Orygynale Cronykil of Scotland in Middle English and Latin, at the University of Texas. f) The Annals of Tigernach. g) Corpus of Electronic Texts at University College Cork. h) Genealogies from Rawlinson. i) The Annals of Ulster j) The History of Scotland) of George Buchanan's Rerum Scoticarum Historia. James Aikman's translation. Google Books. k) Origins of the Kingdom of Alba
- [S4]. http://www.packrat-pro.com/macn.htm. QUOTES as Sources: a) Weis. b) Ancestry.com
- [S5]. COMPENDIUM OF WORLD HISTORY. Herman L. Hoeh. VOLUME 2. http://cgca.net/coglinks/wcglit/hoehcompendium/hhc2toc.htm. QUOTES as Sources: Controversial Issues in Scottish History", Gregg, page 35.
- [S6]. Biographical Encyclopedia of the Kings & Queens of Great Britain" by Mike Ashley. From http://www.mathematical.com/earcafergus480.ht.
- [S7]. Annals of the Four Masters. Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition. Distributed by CELT online at University College, Cork, Ireland. http://www.ucc.ie/celt/online/T100005A/.
- [S8]. The History of Ireland (BOOK I-II) (Author: Geoffrey Keating). Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition. http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/T100054/.
- [S9]. Senchus Fer N'Alban. (Census Of The Men Of Alba). A text written in the 10th century from a transcription of the original purported to be from the 7th century. This document is found in several sources on the internet.
- [S10]. Duan Albanach. The Duan Albanach (Song of the Scots) is a Middle Gaelic poem found with the Lebor Bretnach (Leabhar Breathnach), a Gaelic version of the Historia Brittonum of Nennius, with extensive additional material (mostly concerning Scotland). It is found in a variety of Irish sources. This version is found at: The Irish version of the Historia Britonum of Nennius. Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition. http://www.ucc.ie/celt/online/T100028/text002.html.
- [S11]. History of Ireland. Geoffrey Keating. Volume 2. Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition. Distributed by CELT online at University College, Cork, Ireland. http://www.ucc.ie/celt/online/T100054/.
- [S12]. Erc mac Echach, Rí na Dál Riata. Geni. http://www.geni.com/people/Erc-mac-Echach/367684958890013768.
ANCESTORS OF FERGUS MOR MAC ERCA:
ZERAH (ZARAH, Zara, Zeus) = Electra
MAHOL (1 Kings 4:31) (called Ezra in the Irish genealogies).
Asruth (Azariah, who is Easrua)
Sruth. (who fled Egypt to Creta)
Eibher Scot. (Heber Scut). (returned to Scythia).
Beogamon. King of Scythia.
Ogaman. King of Scythia
Tait. King of Scythia
Agnon. (Agnamhan). (fled Scythia by sea with the majority of his people)
Lamhfionn. (Lamhfinn). (led his people to Gothia or Getulia, where Carthage was afterwards built).
Agnan Fionn. (Agnonfinn). King of Gothia.
Febric Glas. (Eimhear Glas). King of Gothia.
Nenuall. (Nenuaill). King of Gothia.
Nuadhad. (Nuadhat). King of Gothia.
Alladh. (Aldoid). King of Gothia.
Arcadh. (Earchada). King of Gothia.
Deag. (Deaghata). King of Gothia.
Brath. (Bratha). King of Gothia. He left Gothia with a large band of his people and settled in Galicia, Spain.
Breoghan (Breogan)(Brigus). King of Galicia, Andalusia, Murcia, Castile, and Portugal.
Bile. Inherited his father's domains.
Milesius. (Mileadh)(Mil Espane). King of Braganza, Spain. He md Scota, princess of Egypt
Ghede (The Heremon). (Erimon)(Eiremhon). Successfully invaded Ireland. Md Tea Tephi, for whom Tara was named. [not Tama Tephi]
Irial Faidh. (Iriel Faid). Eleventh High King of Ireland.
Ethriall. (Ethriel). He did not reign.
Tighernmas. (Tigernmas). 13th High King of Ireland.
Fiachadh. (Fiacha Labhrainne). 18th High King of Ireland.
Angus I. (Aengus Olmucadha)(Oengus Olmuchaid)
Rotheachta. (Rothechtaid mac Main). High King of Ireland.
Demal mac Rothechtaid.
Dein. (Dain mac Demal).
Siorna Saoghalach. (Saoghlach mac Dian). 34th King of Ireland.
OILIALLA. (Eochaid I), King of Ireland. married TAMA TEPHI
GIALLCHADH, the 37th King of Ireland, 561BC-552BC.
NUADH (Nuadhas Fionnfail), the 39th King of Ireland, 540BC-527BC.
Aedan Glas. (Aodhan Glas). The Annals of the Four Masters does not list Aedan Glas as a ruler, which has created confusion in some lists.
Simon Breac. (Siomon Breac), the 44th King of Ireland, 483BC-477BC.
MUIREADHACH (Muirteadach Boigrach), the 46th King of Ireland, 469BC-468BC.
FAICHAGH (Fiachadh Toigrach), the 55th King of Ireland, about 407BC.
DUACH (Duach Laidhrach), the 59th King of Ireland, 381BC-371BC.
EOCHAIDH (Eochaidh Buailgllerg)(Eochaidh Buadhach).
UGAINE MOR, the Great, the 66th King of Ireland, 330BC-300BC.
Cobhthach Coalbreag (Cobhthach Cael Breagh), the 69th King of Ireland, 284BC-267BC.
Meilage Aminadab (Mellage, Melg Molbhthach, Melghe Molbhthach), the 71st King of Ireland, 253BC-241BC.
JURAN Gleofathach (Jaran, Iarn, Irereo), the 74th King of Ireland, 228BC-222BC.
Conla Cruaidh Cealgach (Connla Caemh), the 76th King of Ireland, 215BC-211BC.
OILIALLA Caisfhaiclach. 77th King of Ireland, 211BC-186BC.
EOCHAIDH Foitleathan (Eochaidh Ailtleathan). 79th King of Ireland, 181BC-174BC.
Aengus Tuirheach Teamhrach. (Angus II)(Oengus). 81st High King of Ireland, 162BC-130BC. md Magach ingen Fergusa.
Fiachu Fer Mara mac Aengusa.
Ailill Erann mac Fiachach.
Fearadhach mac Ailella. md Urlachan.
Fergus mac Feradaig, King of Caledonia.
Maine Mor mac Fergusa, King of Caledonia
Airndil Dornaidel Nimrod mac Maine, King of Caledonia.
Rothrer mac Airndil. King of Caledonia.
Trer mac Rotherer.
Roshin mac Trer Ui Eremoin.
Suin Mac Rosin. King of Dalriada.
Dedad Deagha mac Suin.
Ivar Mór Ottangus mac Deadha. md Sinusa.
Ailill Anglonnach Aulomm. md Maedhb ingen Echdach.
Eogan Eoghan Ottaongus MacAilell. md Muncha ingen Dil o Crecraighe.
Eterscél Mór mac Eoghan. King of Ireland. md Mess Buachalla ingen Echach
Conaire I Mor mac Etersceoil .
Cairpre Finn Mor mac Conaire ui Eremoin. (20AD-71AD).
Daire Dorn Mor mac Cairpre. King of Caledonia.
Coirpre Cromcheann mac Daire. King of Caledonia. (c55AD-103AD).
Luctacus mac Caibre. (Lugaid Allathach). King of Caledonia. (c78AD-109AD).
Mogh Lamha Lamha mac Lugdach. King of Scotland. (c110AD-?). md Eithne.
Conaire Caem mac Modh Lamha. (c125AD-165AD). Established Kingdom of Dalriada, Ireland. Md Saraid ingen Cuinn Ceadcatha
Eochaid Cairbre Riata mac Conaire. (c148AD-186AD). King of Dál Riata, Ireland. Md Morgan Finn NicFideach Ohailill
Fiachra Cathmail mac Echach. (c175AD-252AD). of Dalriada, Ireland.
Eochaid Antoit mac Fiachrach. (203AD-272AD). King of Dalriata.
Achir Cirre mac Echach. (c231AD-294AD). King of Dalriada Ireland
Finn Fiacc mac Achir. (249AD-303AD). King of Dalriada Ireland.
Cruitluithe mac Finn. (c270AD-317AD). King od Dalriada Ireland.
Senchormac Fincormach mac Cruithluithe. (c280AD-338AD). King of Dalriada Ireland.
Fedelmid Ruamach mac Senchormac. (c304AD-?). King of Dalriada Ireland.
Aengus Buiding mac Feideilmid. King of Dalriada Ireland.
Fedelmid Aislingich Fedlimid Aisling. King of Dalriada, Ireland
Aengus Fert mac Feideilmid.. King of Dalriada, Ireland
Eochaid Muinremuir mac Oengus. King of Dalriada Ireland. (c380AD-439AD).
ERC mac Echach. (c400AD-474AD). Had 12 sons, six stayed in Ireland, six moved to Scotland.
- Adam (4001BC-3071BC) and Eve
- Seth (3871BC-2959BC)
- Enos (3766BC-2861)
- Cainan (3676BC-2766BC)
- Mahalaleel (3606BC-2711BC)
- Jared (3541BC-2579BC)
- Enoch (3379BC-2948BC) taken up by God (Gen5:24)
- Methuselah (3314BC-2345BC)
- Lamech (3127BC-2350BC)
- Noah (2945BC-1995BC)
- Shem (2453BC-1843BC)
- Arphaxad (2343BC-1905BC)
- Salah (2308BC-1875BC)
- Eber (2278BC-1814BC)
- Peleg (2244BC-2005BC)
- Reu (2214BC-1975BC)
- Serug (2182BC-1952BC)
- Nahor (2152BC-2004BC)
- Terah (2122BC-1918BC)
- Abraham (2052BC-1846BC) (Abram) and Sarah
HOW ARE WE RELATED:
Our Line of Descent from Malcolm III:
MALCOLM III Caenmore (A.D.1055-1093) md. Margarethe of England
DAIVD I, The Saint, md. Maud of Northcumberland EDITH, md Henry I, King of England
HENRY of Huntingdon md. Adama of Surrey Matilda. (Maud) She married (1) Henry V of Germany. she married (2) Geoffrey V, Count of Anjou and Maine.
David of Huntingdon md. Maud of Chester HENRY II, King of England md Ida, Countess of Norfolk
Isabella of Huntingdon md. Robert IV de Brus William I Longspee md Ela Fitzpatrick
Robert V de Brus md. Isabella de Clare, of Gloucester William II Longspee md Idonie de Camville
Robert VI de Brus md. Marjorie of Carrick Ela Longspee md James de Audley
Robert I Bruce md. Isabella of Mar Hugh de Audley md Isolde de Mortimer
Margary Bruce md. Walter Stewart III Hugh de Audley md Margaret de Clare
Robert II md. Euphemia of Ross Margaret de Audley. md Ralph de Stafford
Robert III (Stuart) md. Arabella Drummond Hugh Stafford. md Philippa de Beauchamp
James I, King of Scotland md. Joan Beaufort Edmund Stafford. md Anne of Gloucester
Joan STEWART (STUART) md. James DOUGLAS III, Earl of Morton Humphrey Stafford. md Anne Neville
Janet DOUGLAS (c1461-1489). md. Patrick HEPBURN Margaret Stafford md Robert Dunham
Jane HEPBURN (1485-c1558). md. George SEATON John Dunham md Elizabeth Bowett
George SEATON III (c1508-1549). md. Elizabeth HAY John Dunham II md Jean Thorland
Marion SEATON (1528-1567). md. John GRAHAM John Dunham III md Benedict Folgamsee
Margaret (Mary) GRAHAM md. George BUCHANAN Ralph Dunham. He married Elizabeth Wentworth.
Margaret Helen BUCHANAN md. (Sir) Alexander COLQUHOUN Thomas Dunham. He married Jane Bromley.
(Sir) Alexander COLQUHOUN md. Marion Stirling (Sterling) John Dunham Sr.. He married Susanna Kenney/Keno.
(Sir) John COLQUHOUN (1595 or1632-c1647) md. Rebecca Short John Dunham Jr.. He married Mary.
William CAHOON (1633-1675) md. Deliverence PECK Mary Dunham. She married James Hamblin
Joseph CAHOON (1665-1710) md. (2) Elizabeth SCRANTON Elkenah Hamblin. He married Abigail Hamblin.
Ebenezer CAHOON md. Mary REYNOLDS Sylvanus Hamblin. He married Dorcas Fish.
William CAHOONE md. (2) Elizabeth VAUGHAN Barnabus Hamblin. He married Mary Bassett.
William CAHOON md. (2) Mary SMITH Isaiah Hamblin. He married Daphne Haynes.
Mary CAHOON md. David ELLIOTT Jacob Vernon Hamblin md Sarah Priscilla Leavitt.
Peter Mack ELLIOTT md. Charlotte ALVORD Ella Ann Hamblin = Warren Moroni Tenney
Harriett Louisa ELLIOTT md. James Newberry MORRIS Clive Vernon Tenney = Minnie Williams
Eli Ray MORRIS (1892-1980) md. Tina Matilda KUNZLER Mildred Ella Tenney = Glenn Russell Handy
LeGrand Elliott MORRIS md. Dorothea Bertha Ernestine Kersten |
Rodney Allen MORRIS -- married -- Deborah Lee Handy