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William Douglas, 2nd Earl of Angus, and Margaret Hay

HUSBAND:
William Douglas. 2nd Earl of Angus. [PC M3-17-5].
Born (circa 1398-S1)(24 February 1398-S2) at Tantallon Castle, East Lothian, Scotland; son of George Douglas, 1st Earl of Angus and Lady Mary Stewart.

He inherited the Earldom of Angus in 1402, following his father's death of the plague whilst in English captivity, following the Battle of Homildon Hill. (S2).

He married Margaret Hay on (3 December 1414-S1)(in 1425-S2).

He succeeded to the title of 2nd Earl of Angus [S., 1389] in 1402. In 1423 he was one of the negotiators for the release of King James I. He held the office of Ambassador to England in 1430. He held the office of Warden of the Middle Marches in 1433. He fought in the Battle of Piperdon on 10 September 1436, where he defeated the English. He has an extensive biographical entry in the Dictionary of Nationary Biography.

In 1420, Angus was nominated as one of twenty-one noblemen to be delivered as hostages to the English court as security for the ransom of King James I. James had been captured by the English in 1406, and was held by first Henry IV of England, and latterly by his son Henry V of England. During the king's captivity, Scotland was ruled by his uncle Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany, who had been in no hurry to pay his nephew's ransom. Following the death of Albany in 1420 the Scots finally paid the ransom monies owed. Whatever the machinations that followed, Angus was not included on the final list of hostages, but was one of the party of Scots nobles who met their King at Durham, in 1424. The King was escorted triumphantly back to Scotland, and Angus received a Knighthood from the King at his coronation at Scone Abbey on the 2 June of that year. (S2).

Royal Gaoler

In 1425, a purge took place of the Albany Stewarts and their adherents. The trial which followed at Stirling Castle, included Angus amongst a large faction of Douglas nobles within the jury. Facing execution were Murdoch Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany, his two sons Alaisdair and Walter, and the Earl of Lennox. The widowed Duchess of Albany, was held a close prisoner at Tantallon under the supervision of Angus for eight years. (S2).

In 1429, King James went north to deal with the ever troublesome Lord of the Isles. Alexander of Islay, Earl of Ross. This in response to Alexander and his islemen's burning of Inverness. Angus was a captain in the Royal army and when Islay finally submitted to the King at Holyrood Abbey he was entrusted to the keeping of Angus at Tantallon for two years. (S2).

Warden of the Marches

In 1430 Angus was sent on embassy to England as one of the commissioners to negotiate an extension of the truce with the newly crowned Henry VI of England which was prolonged for five years. Later in that year he was appointed Warden of the Middle March. In 1435 Angus led a troop of men to invest Dunbar Castle. The castellan, George II, Earl of March, had previously been made a ward of the King, and the garrison surrendered the castle bloodlessly. (S2).

Dunbar castle was then held of the King by Angus and Sir Adam Hepburn of Hailes. (S2).

Dunbar fled to England calling for help in regaining Dunbar castle by force of arms. This help materialised in the spring of 1435 when Sir Robert Ogle, the Governor of Berwick upon Tweed, with Henry Percy and 4000 men marched north to retake the Castle. Angus, with Hepburn and Alexander Ramsay of Dalhousie, decided not to undergo a siege and engaged with the English forces at the Battle of Piperdean, near to Cockburnspath. This encounter resulted in defeat for the English but with little loss of life. Fifteen hundred prisoners were taken and ransomed. (S2).

William continued to consolidate his estates, often at the expense of his cousins the Black Douglases, taking positions and fortresses previously held by the Earls of Douglas, such as Lintalee and finally Hermitage Castle for a time. Following the assassination of his uncle, King James in February 1437, Angus was instrumental in the pursuit and capture of the conspirators. These included, Walter Stewart, Earl of Atholl, a great-uncle of William himself. (S2).

He died in October 1437. (S1,S2).

WIFE:
Margaret Hay. [Familytree].
Daughter of [Sir William Hay of Lochorwart and Yester and Alice de la Haye].

CHILDREN of William Douglas, 2nd Earl of Angus and Margaret Hay
  1. Helen Douglas. (Elene). [Familytree]. She married (1) William Graham before 1460. She married (2) James Ogilvy, 1st Lord Ogilvy of Airlie. She died about 20 November 1486.
  2. George Douglas. 4th Earl of Angus. d. 14 Nov 1462.
  3. William Douglas. Of Cluny. d. 1475
  4. Hugh Douglas. Rector of St. Andrews. d. 1466
  5. James Douglas, 3rd Earl of Angus. b. b 1428, d. b 9 Sep 1446


SOURCES:

HOW ARE WE RELATED:
William Douglas, 2nd Earl of Angus, and Margaret Hay of Yester
  __________________________|_______________
  |                                         |
Helen Douglas                        George Douglas


through daughter Helen:  
Helen Douglas (Elene) and William Graham 
William Graham and Annabel Drummond
  _____________|__________________________
  |                                 |
William Graham                 Helen Catherine Graham 

through son William:
William Graham and Lady Janet Keith
Robert Graham and Margaret Fleming
John Graham, 3rd Earl of Montrose, and Jean Drummond
John Graham and Margaret Ruthven
John Colquhoun and Katherine Graham
 William Colquhoun (changed to Cahoon) (1635-1675) md Deliverance Peck
Joseph Cahoon (1665-c 1710)  md  Elizabeth Scranton
Ebenezer Cahoon (1706-?) md  Mary Reynolds (step sister of Reynolds Cahoon)
William Cahoone (1733-1813)  md  Elizabeth Vaughan	
William Cahoon  (1765-1828) md  Mary Smith
Mary Cahoon (1810-?) md   David Elliott	
Peter Mack Elliott (1833-1885)  md   Charlotte Alvord
Harriett Louisa Elliott  (1860-1902) md   James Newberry Morris  
Eli Ray Morris (1892-1980) md Tina Matilda Kunzler	
LeGrand Elliott Morris (1916-2005) md Dorothea Berta Ernestine Kersten
Rodney Allen Morris and Deborah Lee Handy

through daughter Helen Catherine:
Helen Catherine Graham and Humphrey Colquhoun, Younger of Luss
John Colquhoun and Agnes Boyd
(Sir) Alexander Colquhoun and Margaret Helen Buchanan
(Sir) John Colquhoun and Katherine Graham
 William Colquhoun (changed to Cahoon) (1635-1675) md Deliverance Peck
Joseph Cahoon (1665-c 1710)  md  Elizabeth Scranton
Ebenezer Cahoon (1706-?) md  Mary Reynolds (step sister of Reynolds Cahoon)
William Cahoone (1733-1813)  md  Elizabeth Vaughan	
William Cahoon  (1765-1828) md  Mary Smith
Mary Cahoon (1810-?) md   David Elliott	
Peter Mack Elliott (1833-1885)  md   Charlotte Alvord
Harriett Louisa Elliott  (1860-1902) md   James Newberry Morris  
Eli Ray Morris (1892-1980) md Tina Matilda Kunzler	
LeGrand Elliott Morris (1916-2005) md Dorothea Berta Ernestine Kersten
Rodney Allen Morris and Deborah Lee Handy	


through son George:
George Douglas, 4th Earl of Angus, and Isabella Sibbald
Archibald Douglas and Elizabeth Boyd
George Douglas and Elizabeth Drummond
Elizabeth Douglas and John, Third Lord Hay
Elizabeth Hay and George Seaton III 
Marion Seaton and John Graham
Margaret (Mary) Graham and George Buchanan
Margaret Helen Buchanan and (Sir) Alexander Colquhoun
(Sir) John Colquhoun and Katherine Graham
 William Colquhoun (changed to Cahoon) (1635-1675) md Deliverance Peck
Joseph Cahoon (1665-c 1710)  md  Elizabeth Scranton
Ebenezer Cahoon (1706-?) md  Mary Reynolds (step sister of Reynolds Cahoon)
William Cahoone (1733-1813)  md  Elizabeth Vaughan	
William Cahoon  (1765-1828) md  Mary Smith
Mary Cahoon (1810-?) md   David Elliott	
Peter Mack Elliott (1833-1885)  md   Charlotte Alvord
Harriett Louisa Elliott  (1860-1902) md   James Newberry Morris  
Eli Ray Morris (1892-1980) md Tina Matilda Kunzler	
LeGrand Elliott Morris (1916-2005) md Dorothea Berta Ernestine Kersten
Rodney Allen Morris and Deborah Lee Handy