Rowland COTTON

Rowland COTTON is sometimes said to be the father of Dorothy, wife of (Reverend) Henry SMITH, so his information is kept here to find any verification of that. So far, I find no mention of a daughter named Dorothy.

HUSBAND:
Sir Rowland COTTON. (Roland).
Born (before 1550-S3,S5)(about 1558-S6,S10) in (London)( Landwade, Cambridge-S7) England; son of George COTTON and Margaret WHITTACRE. Roland Cotton was a lawyer. He moved to Derby, Derbyshire, England.

He married (1) Mary HURLBERT on 16 AUG 1582 at Derby, Derbyshire, England. He married (2) Elizabeth SALTONSTALL in 1596.

He died in 1604 at Derby, Derbyshire, England, and was buried in St Alkmunds Chyd, Derby, Derbyshire, England.

WIFE:
Mary HURLBERT
Born (before 1560-S5,S8)(about 1560-S7)(about 1561-S6) in Derby, Derbyshire, England. She married Rowland COTTON on 16 AUG 1582 at Derby, Derbyshire, England.

CHILDREN of Rowland COTTON and Mary HURLBERT. [Note no mention of a child Dorothy].
  1. Mary COTTON. Christened on 1 SEP 1583 at Derby, Derbyshire, England. She married Robert BRADFORD on 3 AUG 1608. Did she marry (2) CONEY?
  2. (Reverend) John COTTON. Born on 4 DEC 1585 at Derby, Derbyshire, England. He was christened on 15 DEC 1585 at Derby, Derbyshire, England. He entered Cambridge when 14 years old. At Trinity Colledge, where he took his degree of A. B., January, 1602-03, and where he took his A. M. in 1606. Graduated from Emanual College, Cambridge, Fellow, Head Lecturer, catechist, and Dean of Emmanuel College. While there was urged to join the Puritans, which he did. He married (1) Elizabeth HORROCKS (HARCOCKS) on (3-S1)(30-S2) JUL 1613 in Cambridgeshire, England. She bore him no children and was alive on 2 October 1630; she may have been daughter of "my mother Havered" mentioned by Cotton in a letter to his second wife He married (2) Sarah HAWKRIDGE (HANKREDGE, widow STORY-S2)( Hawkredd-S7) on 25 APR 1632 at Boston, Lincolnshire, England. He was a minister (vicar) of the Church of St. Botolph in Boston, Lincolnshire, England from 1612 to 1633. He was suspended by the bishop for refusing to conform to some of the ceremonies of the church, but as the majority of his people sustained him he was restored. Upon the accession of Bishop Laud dissensions again arose and he fled to London, not wishing to appear before the court. Letters missive were issued against him from the High Commission Court when he began to break away from the main body of the Church, and friends, being unable to help him, advised him to emigrate to New England. He went to Southampton in 1629 to see Mr. William Coddington and other friends and parishioners sail for N.E., and charged them to take advice of them of Plymouth and do nothing to offend them. He wrote Herbert Pelham Oct. 3, 1630, sending 3 pieces of gold to buy a hogshead of meal, etc. to send Mr. Coddington in N.E. He emigrated to New England in mid JUL 1633 on the ship Griffin, sailing from London, with Thomas Leverett, Samuel Stone, Thomas Hooker and 200 others, for New England arriving (3-S2)(4-S2) SEP 1633 in Boston MA. On 8 Sep 1633 "John Cotton and Sarah his wife" were admitted to Boston church. Installed teacher of the church of Boston, Massachusetts on 17 OCT 1633/He was Minister of 1st church in Boston MA, under pastor John Wilson, and he retained connection with that church until his death. Made a freeman on 4 May 1634. Granted "at Muddy River a sufficient allotment for a farm for our teacher, Mr. John Cotton," 14 December 1635, to which was added "all the ground lying between the two brooks next to William Coleborne's allotment there, and so to the other end unto the shortest overcut beyond the hill towards the northwest," 15 November 1636, being two hundred and fifty acres. In the Boston Book of Possessions "Mr. John Cotton" held "one house and garden, about half an acre, with an acre adjoining." 1636 helped founding of Harvard College [with shipboard-friend John Harvard. "After God had carried us safe to New England and we had builded our houses, provided necessaries for our livelihood, reared convenient places for God's worship, and settled the civil government; one of the next things we longed for and looked after was to advance learning and perpetuate it to posterity: dreading to leave an illiterate ministry to the churches, when our present ministers shall lie in the dust." He at first encouraged Anne Hutchinson in her Antinomian doctrines but afterward opposed her. In 1642, with Hooker and Davenport, he was invited to assist the assembly of divines at Westminster in organizing a church government for New England, but was dissuaded from going by Hooker, who sought to frame a system himself. He maintained the right of civil authority over religious matters and was the clerical head of the Puritan commonwealth with the Bible as its basis and the meeting-house as its court room. He had a famous controversy with Roger Williams on the rights of the civil authorities. He introduced in New England the custom of making the Sabbath observances extend from evening to evening, and was largely instrumental in securing Boston Common to posterity. On 21 July 1645 "Mr. John Cotton teacher of Boston" sold to Thomas Whitamore "a parcel of meadow counted two cow grasses" His descendants in Boston caused to be erected in St. Botolph's church, Boston, England, in 1857 a tablet to his memory, with a Latin inscription written by Edward Everett. He published: Set Forms of Prayer (1642); The Keys of the Kingdom of Heaven and the Power Thereof (1644); The Bloody Tenent Washed and Made White in the Blood of the Lamb (1647); and Milk for Babes Drawn out of the Breasts of both Testaments chiefly for the Spiritual Nourishment of Boston Babes in Either England, but may be of use for any Children (1646)." His will, dated 30 Nov 1652. Amos Richardson wrote on 2 December 1652 to John Winthrop Jr., "Mr. Cotton is very ill and it is much feared will not escape this sickness to live. He hath great swellings in his legs and body..." and 28 December 1652 "A sad accident lately befallen us here by the death of Mr. Cotton. A cause of much heaviness to us." He died 23 DEC 1652 at Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts. His d. ensu. on tak. cold in cross. the ferry as he went to preach a few days bef. at Cambridge. 28 Dec 1652 buried at King's Chapel, Boston MA. His will was proved the following January. His will mentions his brother Coney, his sister Mary Coney, and their son John Coney. It also makes a bequest to "my cousin Henery Smith," living with him. This is apparently the source of naming the wife of Reverend Henry Smith as a COTTON. However, Rev. Henry SMITH was deceased at the time of the will, and the bequest was for "diet, lodging and apparel so long as he serve my wife, and 20" - certainly not intended for Rev. Henry SMITH. (S9). His wife survived him and m. 26 (6) 1656, Mr. Richard Mather of Dorchester. She d. May 27, 1676. The inventory of the estate of "Mr. John Cotton deceased the 23th of December 1652" totalled 1088 4s., of which 470 was real estate: "dwelling house at Boston with the ground before & backside & other side of the hill besides the fourth part built by Sir Henry Vane," 220; and "the farm at Muddy River being 260 acres, houses, barns, outhouses," 250.
  3. Roland COTTON. Born in 1587. Christened on 17 MAR 1588 at Derby, Derbyshire, England.
  4. Thomas COTTON. Christened on 19 MAY 1594, Derby, Derbyshire, England. He married Mary GILL on 1 MAY 1624.


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