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Walter de Beauchamp and Emeline d'Abitot

HUSBAND:
Walter de BEAUCHAMP. Lord Elmley
Born about 1072 in Elmley Castle, Worcestershire, England; supposedly the son of Hugh de BEAUCHAMP and Adeliza Matilda de TAILLEBOIS.

Sheriff of Worcester.

Of Elmley Castle, Gloucester, Eng.

Walter de Beauchamp of Elmsley Castle, co. Gloucester, married Emeline d' ARBITOT, daughter and heiress of Urso de Abitot, Constable of the castle of Worcester and hereditary sheriff of Worcestershire (who was brother of Robert le Despencer, steward to the Conqueror). He was invested with that sheriffalty by King Henry I., and obtained a grant from the same monarch (to whom he was a steward) of all the lands belonging to Roger de Worcester, with a confirmation of certain lands given to him by Adelise, widow of his father-in-law, the said Urso de Abitot.

This marriage happened after the Conquest; for at that time the General Survey was made, the name of Beauchamp is not once mentioned as lord of any manor in England. But Urso de Abitot had manors almost in very part of it. He being hereditary sheriff, his office was to keep this part of the new-conquered kingdom in subjection; it was necessary, therefore, that his power should be very great, to enable him to withstand any neighboring prince inclined to rebel, and that he should have influence in every part of the county. Robert de Abitot, the Conqueror's steward, built Elmsley Castle upon an eminence under Bredon Hill, and dying without issue, the manor and castle descended to his brother, Urso. The hereditary office of sheriff by this marriage descended to the Beauchamps, in which family it continued till the 10th year of King Edward IV, when Richard Nevill, the Earl of Salibury, in right of his wife, Ann, sister and sole heiress of Henry Beauchamp, Duke and Earl of Warwick, being slain in Barnet Field fighting against the king, lost his office.

He died after 1100.

Walter de Beauchamp was succeeded, as well in his estates as in the royal stewardship, by his son, William.

WIFE:
Emeline d'ABITOT. (d'Arbitot?).
born circa 1075; daughter and heiress of Urso de ABITOT [F226763266]. Urso de Abitot, Constable of the castle of Worcester and hereditary sheriff of Worcestershire (who was brother of Robert le Despencer, steward to the Conqueror). He was invested with that sheriffalty by King Henry I., and obtained a grant from the same monarch (to whom he was a steward) of all the lands belonging to Roger de Worcester, with a confirmation of certain lands given to him by Adelise, widow of his father-in-law, the said Urso de Abitot.

CHILDREN of Walter de Beauchamp and Emeline dAbitot:
  1. William de BEAUCHAMP. Baron Elmley. (1105-1170), for his zeal in the cause of the Empress Maud, was dispossessed of the castle of Worcester by King Stephen, to which, and all his other honors and estates, however, he was restored by King Henry II.; and in that monarch's reign, besides the sheriffalty of Worcestershire, which he enjoyed by inheritance, he was sheriff of Warwickshire (2nd year of Henry II.), sheriff of Gloucestershire (from the 3rd to the 9th year of Henry II., inclusive), and sheriff of Herefordshire (from the 8th to the 16th year of Henry II., inclusive). Upon the levy of the assessment towards the marriage portion of King Henry's daughters, this powerful feudal lord certified his knight's fees to the amount of fifteen. He married Maud BRAOSE, daughter of William de Braose, Lord Braose, of Gower, and was succeeded, at his decease, by his son, William.


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