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BALDWIN II, Count of Flanders, and Aelfthrytha
BALDWIN II, Count of Flanders. (Margrave of Flanders-S5).
Born about 865 AD; son of BALDWIN I Ironarm and Judith.
Baldwin II (c. 865 – 10 September 918) was the second margrave (or count) of Flanders, ruling from 879 to 918. He was nicknamed the Bald (Calvus) after his maternal grandfather, King Charles the Bald. (S5).
The early years of Baldwin's rule were marked by a series of devastating Viking raids into Flanders. By 883, he was forced to move north to Pagus Flandransis, which became the territory most closely associated with the Counts of Flanders. Baldwin constructed a series of wooden fortifications at Saint-Omer, Bruges, Ghent, and Kortrijk. He then seized lands that were abandoned by royal and ecclesiastical officials. Many of these same citadels later formed castellanies which housed government, militia, and local courts. (S5).
He married Alfritha (Aelfthryth) between 893 and 899.
The immediate goal of that Anglo-Flemish alliance was to help Baldwin control the lower Canche River valley. (S5).
In 888, the western Frankish king, Charles the Fat, was deposed, leaving several candidates vying to replace him. As a grandson of Charles the Bald, Holy Roman Emperor and King of West Francia, Baldwin could have competed for the crown of West Francia. Instead, Baldwin and others tried to convince the East Frankish King, Arnulf, to take the West Frankish crown, but Arnulf declined. The Robertine Odo, Count of Paris, was eventually made king. Odo and Baldwin's relationship deteriorated when Odo failed to support Baldwin's attempts to gain control of the Abbey of St. Bertin. Odo attacked Baldwin at Bruges but was unable to prevail. Baldwin continued his expansion to the south and gained control over Artois, including the important Abbey of St. Vaast. (S5).
He died on 10 September 918. (S5).
When the Abbey of St. Vaast came under the jurisdiction of Archbishop Fulk of Reims in 900, Baldwin had the archbishop assassinated and was excommunicated by Pope Benedict IV. When his attempts to expand further into the upper Somme River valley were opposed by Herbert I, Count of Vermandois, Baldwin had the count assassinated as well. Baldwin died on 10 September 918, at Blandijnberg (near Ghent) and was succeeded by his eldest son, Arnulf I of Flanders. His younger son, Adalulf, became the first Count of Boulogne. (S5).
AELFTHRYTHA (ALFRITHA)(Ælfthryth)(Elftrude or Elfrida-S5)(Ælfthryth of Wessex-S5).
of Wessex; daughter of ALFRED The Great and Ealswith. She married BALDWIN II, Count of Flanders between 893 and 899.
CHILDREN of BALDWIN II, Count of Flanders, and Aelfthrytha:
- 1. ARNULF I. (Count of Flanders). Born about 890. He married Alix (Adela) de Vermandois (about 926)(in 934-S1). He died on 27 March 964.
- 2. Adalolfus. (Adelolf). Count of Boulogne and Abbot of St. Bertin. Died 13 NOV 933.
- [S1]. Who's Who in Roman Britain and Anglo-Saxon England. Richard Flethcer. St. James Press:Chicago. 1989.
- [S2]. Two of the Saxon Chronicles Parallel. Charles Plummer. Clarendon Press:Oxford. Vol. 2. 1965.
- [S3]. http://home.earthlink.net/~artdugan/d9.htm
- [S4]. Fredrick Lewis Weis. Ancestral Roots of Cetain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. Baltimore, MD. Seventh Edition. 1992, 1993. Line 48-20, Line 162-18, pg 142.
- [S5]. Baldwin II, Margrave of Flanders. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baldwin_II,_Margrave_of_Flanders
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