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ALWIN

HUSBAND:
ALWIN. (Aethelwine-S6)(Aluredus-S8). [T1-17-1-17-1].
Born about 1030 in Warwick, Warwickshire, England. (S6).

He was a nephew of Leofric, Earl of Mercia. (S6,S7). So he is probably either a son or son-in-law of Leofwine.

Possible parents, from the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy Medlands page on Anglo Saxon Nobility:
http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLAND,%20AngloSaxon%20nobility.htm#_Toc284396923.
LEOFWINE (Leofwinus), son of [LEOFRIC & his wife ---] (-1023). [The Genealogia Fundatoris of Coventry Monastery records that “Leofwinus” was the son of “Leofricus secundus” and lived “tempore Ethelstani, Edmundi, Edredi, et Edgari regum Angliæ” (924-975). "Leofwine propinquus regis" subscribed a charter of King Eadwig dated 955. The precise family connection with the king is not known. If this is the same Leofwine who was an ealdorman under Kings Edward and Æthelred II, he may have been sent as a child to the court of King Eadwig. If this was the case, it would explain the time lapse before his next appearance in charters. It is also possible that Leofwine was related to the brothers Ælfhere and Ælfheah, which would explain the transmission of the ealdormanship of Mercia between the two families. "Leofwine dux" subscribed charters of King Edward in 976 and 977, and of King Æthelred II dated between 994 and 1015, the charter dated 997 specifying that he was "Leofwine Wicciarium-Provinciarum dux". Ealdorman of the Hwicce in Mercia. King Æthelred II granted "Leofwine dux" land in Warwickshire under a charter dated 998. It is possible that Leofwine was appointed Ealdorman of Mercia after the death of Eadric "Streona" in 1017, but this is not confirmed by any primary source. (S6).

Leofwine' was an ealdorman of the Hwicce in Mercia. He is mentioned as Wicciarum Prouinciarum dux Ealdorman of Hwicce in 997.
Leofwine is known to have had at least four children.
Northman, killed in 1017.
Eadwine, killed in battle in 1039.
Godwine, died some time before 1056.
LEOFRIC III, Earl of Mercia. Husband of Lady Godiva (Godgifu). (S7).

The question is, was one of these three children, Northman, Eadwine, Godwine) the ancestor of the Arden line, or were there other unknown children of Leofwine?

He was Sheriff of Warwickshire.

In the Domesday book he is listed as the Lord of 27 manors (S5):
Before the Conquest
Lord in 1066:
[Little] Lawford, Bumbelowe, Warwickshire
Fillongley, Coleshill, Warwickshire
Lea [Marston], Coleshill, Warwickshire
Nuneaton, Coleshill, Warwickshire
Bourton [-on-the-Hill], Deerhurst, Gloucestershire
Ellings, Deerhurst, Gloucestershire
Elmstone, Deerhurst, Gloucestershire
Evington, Deerhurst, Gloucestershire
Hardwicke, Deerhurst, Gloucestershire
Hasfield, Deerhurst, Gloucestershire
Hayden, Deerhurst, Gloucestershire
Kemerton, Deerhurst, Gloucestershire / Worcestershire
Moreton [-in-Marsh], Deerhurst, Gloucestershire
Oridge [Street], Deerhurst, Gloucestershire
Rye, Deerhurst, Gloucestershire
Sutton [-under-Brailes], Deerhurst, Gloucestershire / Warwickshire
Todenham, Deerhurst, Gloucestershire
[Upper] Lemington, Deerhurst, Gloucestershire
Wightfield, Deerhurst, Gloucestershire
[Fenny] Compton, Hunesberi, Warwickshire
Clifton [-upon-Dunsmore], Marton, Warwickshire
Flecknoe, Marton, Warwickshire
Flecknoe, Marton, Warwickshire
Bericote, Stoneleigh, Warwickshire
Harbury, Stoneleigh, Warwickshire
Ryton [-on-Dunsmore], Stoneleigh, Warwickshire
Offord [d'Arcy], Toseland, Huntingdonshire

As follows:
In 1066 he was Lord of Little Lawford, Hundred of Bumbelowe, Warwickshire, England.
Total population: 7 households
Total tax assessed: 2 geld units
Taxable units: Taxable value 2 geld units.
Value: Value to lord in 1066 £1.
Households: 6 villagers. 1 slave.
Ploughland: 1.5 ploughland. 1 men's plough teams.
Other resources: Meadow 1.5 acres. 1 mill, value 0.2.
Torkil of Warwick, probably his son, was Tenant-in-chief there in 1086. (S5).

In 1066 he was Lord of Fillongley, Hundred of Coleshill, Warwickshire, England.
Total population: 38 households.
Total tax assessed: 2 geld units.
Taxable units: Taxable value 0.5 geld units.
Value: Value to lord in 1066 £0.5. Value to lord in 1086 £1.5.
Households: 5 villagers. 2 smallholders. 2 slaves.
Ploughland: 2 ploughlands (land for). 1 lord's plough teams. 1 men's plough teams.
Other resources: Meadow 2 acres. Woodland 1 * 2 furlongs.
Lord in 1066: Alwin the sheriff of Warwickshire.
Lord in 1086: Leofwin uncle of Thorkil.
Tenant-in-chief in 1086: Bishop Geoffrey of Coutances. (S5).
[NOTE: Was Leofwin the brother of Alwin?].

In 1066 he was Lord of Lea (Marston), Hundred of Coleshill, Warwickshire, England.
Total population: 8 households
Total tax assessed: 1 geld units
Taxable units: Taxable value 1 geld units.
Value: Value to lord in 1066 £0.5. Value to lord in 1086 £0.8.
Households: 4 villagers. 1 smallholder. 2 slaves. 1 men-at-arms.
Ploughland: 1 ploughland (land for). 2 men's plough teams.
Other resources: Meadow 2 acres.
Lord in 1066: Alwin the sheriff of Warwickshire.
Lord in 1086: Robert the bursar.
Tenant-in-chief in 1086: Robert the bursar. (S5).

In 1066 he was Lord of Nuneaton, Hundred of Coleshill, Warwickshire, England.
Total population: 85 households
Total tax assessed: 3 geld units
Taxable units: Taxable value 3 geld units.
Value: Value to lord in 1066 £2. Value to lord in 1086 £4.
Households: 9 villagers. 8 smallholders. 5 slaves.
Ploughland: 5 ploughlands (land for). 3 lord's plough teams. 8 men's plough teams.
Other resources: Meadow 5 acres. Woodland 1 * 1 leagues.
Lord in 1066: Alwin the sheriff of Warwickshire.
Lord in 1086: Robert d'Oilly.
Tenant-in-chief in 1086: Thorkil of Warwick. (S5).

In 1066 he was included as one of several Lords of various manors in the Hundred of Deerhurst, Gloucestershire, England; which included:
Bourton [-on-the-Hill], Deerhurst, Gloucestershire
Ellings, Deerhurst, Gloucestershire
Elmstone, Deerhurst, Gloucestershire
Evington, Deerhurst, Gloucestershire
Hardwicke, Deerhurst, Gloucestershire
Hasfield, Deerhurst, Gloucestershire
Hayden, Deerhurst, Gloucestershire
Kemerton, Deerhurst, Gloucestershire and Worcestershire
Moreton [-in-Marsh], Deerhurst, Gloucestershire
Oridge [Street], Deerhurst, Gloucestershire
Rye, Deerhurst, Gloucestershire
Sutton [-under-Brailes], Deerhurst, Gloucestershire and Warwickshire
Todenham, Deerhurst, Gloucestershire
[Upper] Lemington, Deerhurst, Gloucestershire
Wightfield, Deerhurst, Gloucestershire
These manors are listed is S5 each with the same statistics:
Total population: 10.9 households
Total tax assessed: 2.9 geld units
Head of manor: Deerhurst.
Taxable units: Taxable value 43 geld units. Taxed on 43.0.
Value: Value to lord in 1066 £41. Value to lord in 1086 £40.
Households: 59 villagers. 54 smallholders. 51 slaves.
Ploughland: 24.5 lord's plough teams. 28 men's plough teams.
Other resources: Meadow 40 acres. Woodland 1 * 0.5 leagues. 4 mills, value 1.0.
The group of Lords in 1066 include: Alfrith of Moreton; Alwin the sheriff of Warwickshire; Wulfwy; Godric; Edwy; Leofwin uncle of Thorkil; Edric; Brictric; Alwin the sheriff of Gloucestershire; Westminster St Peter, abbey of; Auti.
Lords in 1086: William son of Baderon; Reinbald of Cirencester; Turstin son of Rolf; Winchcombe St Mary, abbey of; Gerard; Walter Ponther; Alfrith of Moreton; Westminster St Peter, abbey of; Gilbert son of Turold. Tenant-in-chief in 1086: abbey of Westminster St Peter. (S5).

In 1066 he was Lord of Fenny (Compton), Hundred of Hunesberi, Warwickshire, England.
Total population: 47 households.
Total tax assessed: 10 geld units
Taxable units: Taxable value 4.8 geld units.
Value: Value to lord in 1066 £3. Value to lord in 1086 £4.
Households: 8 villagers. 6 smallholders. 7 slaves. 1 priest.
Ploughland: 6 ploughlands (land for). 2 lord's plough teams. 4 men's plough teams.
Other resources: Meadow 40 acres.
Lord in 1066: Aelfric uncle of Thorkil.
Lord in 1086: Gilbert of Wormleighton.
Tenant-in-chief in 1086: Count of Meulan. (S5).

Also listed with Fenny (Compton), Hundred of Hunesberi, Warwickshire, England.
Taxable units: Taxable value 3.3 geld units.
Value: Value to lord in 1066 £2. Value to lord in 1086 £2.5.
Households: 8 villagers. 4 smallholders. 1 slave.
Ploughland: 6 ploughlands (land for). 2 lord's plough teams. 4 men's plough teams.
Other resources: Meadow 34 acres.
Lords in 1066: Alwin the sheriff of Warwickshire; Ordric uncle of Thorkil; Wulfsi.
Lord in 1086: Roger.
Tenant-in-chief in 1086: Thorkil of Warwick. (S5).

Also listed with Fenny (Compton), Hundred of Hunesberi, Warwickshire, England.
Taxable units: Taxable value 2 geld units.
Value: Value to lord in 1066 £1. Value to lord in 1086 £2.
Households: 6 villagers. 2 smallholders. 4 slaves.
Ploughland: 2 ploughlands (land for). 1.5 lord's plough teams. 1.5 men's plough teams.
Other resources: Meadow 16 acres.
Lord in 1086: Almer uncle of Thorkil.
Tenant-in-chief in 1086: Thorkil of Warwick. (S5).

In 1066 he was Lord of Clifton (-upon-Dunsmore), Hundred of Marton, Warwickshire, England.
Total population: 33 households
Total tax assessed: 5 geld units
Taxable units: Taxable value 5 geld units.
Value: Value to lord in 1066 £2. Value to lord in 1086 £4. Value to lord c. 1070 £2.
Households: 12 villagers. 20 smallholders. 1 priest.
Ploughland: 16 ploughlands (land for). 2 lord's plough teams. 7 men's plough teams.
Other resources: Meadow 8 acres. 2 mills, value 0.55.
Lord in 1066: Alwin the sheriff of Warwickshire.
Lord in 1086: Coventry St Mary, abbey of.
Tenant-in-chief in 1086: Coventry St Mary, abbey of. (S5).

In 1066 he was Lord of Flecknoe, Hundred of Marton, Warwickshire, England.
Taxable units: Taxable value 1.5 geld units.
Value: Value to lord in 1066 £0.5. Value to lord in 1086 £1.5.
Households: 3 villagers. 1 smallholder. 3 slaves.
Ploughland: 2 ploughlands (land for). 1 lord's plough teams. 1 men's plough teams.
Lord in 1066: Alwin the sheriff of Warwickshire.
Lord in 1086: Leofwin uncle of Thorkil.
Tenant-in-chief in 1086: Leofwin uncle of Thorkil. (S5).

In 1066 he was Lord of Bericote, Hundred of Stonleigh, Warwickshire, England.
Total population: 9 households
Total tax assessed: 2 geld units
Taxable units: Taxable value 2 geld units.
Value: Value to lord in 1066 £1. Value to lord in 1086 £2.
Households: 4 villagers. 3 smallholders. 2 slaves.
Ploughland: 3 ploughlands (land for). 1 lord's plough teams. 2 men's plough teams.
Other resources: Meadow 6 acres. 1 mill, value 0.2.
Lord in 1066: Alwin the sheriff of Warwickshire.
Lord in 1086: Tonni of Bericote.
Tenant-in-chief in 1086: Thorkil of Warwick. (S5).

In 1066 he was Lord of Harbury, Hundred of Stonleigh, Warwickshire, England.
Total population: 42 households
Taxable units: Taxable value 0.8 geld units.
Value: Value to lord in 1066 £0.5. Value to lord in 1086 £0.3.
Households: 2 villagers.
Ploughland: 2 ploughlands (land for).
Lord in 1066: Alwin the sheriff of Warwickshire.
Lord in 1086: William Bonvallet.
Tenant-in-chief in 1086: William Bonvallet. (S5).

In 1066 he was Lord of Ryton (-on-Dunsmore), Hundred of Stonleigh, Warwickshire, England.
Total population: 32 households
Total tax assessed: 3.5 geld units
Taxable units: Taxable value 3.5 geld units.
Value: Value to lord in 1066 £5. Value to lord in 1086 £3.
Households: 23 villagers. 8 smallholders. 1 priest.
Ploughland: 10 ploughlands (land for). 8 men's plough teams.
Other resources: Meadow 12 acres. Woodland 0.5 league * 2 furlongs mixed measures. 1 mill, value 0.6.
Lord in 1066: Alwin the sheriff of Warwickshire.
Lord in 1086: Thorkil of Warwick.
Tenant-in-chief in 1086: Thorkil of Warwick. (S5).

In 1066 he was Lord of Offord (D'Arcy), Hundred of Toseland, Warwickshire, England.
Taxable units: Taxable value 3 geld units.
Value: Value to lord in 1066 £2. Value to lord in 1086 £0.6.
Households: 4 smallholders.
Ploughland: 3 ploughlands (land for). 0.3 men's plough teams.
Other resources: Meadow 4 acres.
Lord in 1066: Alwin the sheriff of Warwickshire.
Lord in 1086: Odo.
Tenant-in-chief in 1086: Eustace the sheriff. (S5).

Ryton-on-Dunsmore was one of the vills given by Earl Leofric to Coventry Priory in 1043 [Dugdale, Mon. Angl. iii, 191]. But in Dugdale's words 'it seems, that the Monks chopt it quickly away, though it appears not how', [Dugd. 46] for by 1066 it was held by 'Alwin' (Ælfwine), and in 1086 by his son Turchil of Warwick, being then assessed at 3½ hides and including woodland half a league by 2 furlongs, and a mill worth 12s. The value had seriously decreased, from 100s. in 1066 to 60s. in 1086 [VCH, warw. i, 318]. The manor remained with Turchil's descendants, the Arden or Arderne family, for about 200 years. (S9).

He witnessed along with his son Turchil de Arden when Robert of Stafford gave land at Wrottesley to Evesham Abbey, the first gift of lands by Normans to an English monastic order, in 1072. (S6).

Alwin died 1083 in Warwick, Warwickshire. (S6).

The Visitation of the County of Warwick in the Year 1619, p. 176, Aluynus d'ns et Vicecomes Warwici temp. Edwardi Confessoris de quo et filiis suis Turchillo et Godmondo sepe fit mentio in reorda Vocata Domesday Booke, facta 20 Willi Conquestoris et in Thesaurario Scaccarij remanenti. (S9).

WIFE:
?


CHILDREN of ALWIN :
  1. THORKELL of Arden. (Thorkill)(Turchil). [T1-17-1-17-1]. Born about 1045, at Warwick, Warwickshire, England. (S6).


SOURCES: